issues in elections and protests

programmatic mobilization in the two arenas

Ideological composition of protest in the three European regions. From Borbáth & Gessler 2020.
I am particularly interested in the issue agenda of protests and electoral politics. A comparison of the lines of conflict as mobilized in the two arenas of mobilization show the extent to which they follow similar trends and are shaped by the underlying cleavage structure.


  • Borbáth, Endre. 2020. “Two faces of party system stability: Programmatic change and party replacement.” Party Politics online first.
    Open access online

  • Borbáth, Endre and Theresa Gessler. 2020. “Different worlds of contention? Protest in Northwestern, Southern and Eastern Europe.” European Journal of Political Research online first.
    Open access online

  • Hutter, Swen, and Endre Borbáth. 2019. “Challenges from Left and Right: The Long-Term Dynamics of Protest and Electoral Politics in Western Europe.” European Societies 21(4): 487–512.
    Access online